‘Bunions’ or Hallux Valgus is a condition that affects the joint of the great toe. This is one of the most common deformities of the forefoot and occurs when the First metatarsal head deviates toward the midline of body and the toe subluxes from the Metatarsal head. This occurs gradually over time and has a tendency to become progressively worse. As it progresses the toe deviates away and the metatarsal head becomes more prominent. The causes include, heredity, improper and tight fitting pointed toe shoes, and iomechanical instability.
Treatment: When the deformity is in the early stages, orthotics are often beneficial in the stabilization of foot mechanics and may slow or retard progression of the deformity. Padding to reduce the friction over the boney prominence is often of help. Orthopedic footwear to accommodate the widening forefoot is beneficial. Lastly, surgical intervention to correct the deformity orthopedically is also an available treatment option.